Globally, infectious diseases, including acute respiratory infections, diarrhoea and malaria, along with pre-term birth complications, birth asphyxia and trauma and congenital anomalies remain the leading causes of death for children under 5.  Children continue to face tragically differing chances of survival based on where they are born. Two regions, sub-Saharan Africa and southern Asia, account for more than 80% of the 5 million under-5 deaths in 2021.

The WFPICCS research committee encourages researchers in less well-resourced countries to take up the offer of WFPICCS to mentor and support their intended research or quality improvement projects in their region. Improvement can only grow from within and hence the WFPICCS research committee values any intended project.